Great Chicago Fire
Great Chicago Fire
On this day in 1871, the Great Chicago Fire began in the barn of Patrick and Catherine O'Leary, and, by the time the blaze died out two days later, a large swath of the city had been devastated and some 300 people killed

Rev. Jesse L. Jackson 


Jesse Jackson 2013
Rev. Jesse Jackson (2013)
Civil Rights Leader Rev. Jesse L. Jackson was born October 8, 1941 In Greenville, South Carolina.  Rev. Jesse Louis Jackson, Sr. is a civil rights activist, politician and Baptist minister. Jackson transferred from the University of Illinois after his first year to North Carolina A T State University where he became the Student Government President and quarterback of the football team. While at North Carolina A T he became active in civil rights activities. Jackson attended Chicago Theological Seminary and was awarded a Master of Divinity. He became a part of Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s inner circle and worked with him and the SCLC. Jackson was with King when he was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee.



Jesse Jackson participating in a rally, January 15, 1975
A young Jesse Jackson surrounded by marchers carrying signs advocating support for the Hawkins-Humphrey Bill for full employment, near the White House, Washington, D.C. (January 15, 1975)
He later founded People United To Save Humanity (Operation Push) in 1971.  The organizations name was later changed to People United To Serve Humanity.  Jackson ran for president in 1984 as well as 1988, becoming the second African American to run a national campaign for president after Congresswoman Shirley Chisholm.  He served as Shadow Senator from the District of Columbia from 1991 to 1997.



Rev. Jesse Jackson at a 2007 anti-war rally.
Rev. Jesse Jackson Campaigning In Portsmouth, New Hampshire in 1988



More Events On This Day

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Killing at least 79,000 people, an earthquake struck the Pakistan-administered portion of the Kashmir region and the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan.
Martha Stewart
American domestic lifestyle innovator Martha Stewart reported to a federal prison in West Virginia to begin her five-month sentence for insider trading.
Chris Hondros/Getty Images
In Italy's worst civilian air disaster in nearly 30 years, a Cessna took a wrong turn on a taxiway at Linate Airport in Milan and crashed into an SAS airliner about to take off, which exploded, killing 118 people, including 4 airport workers.
Lech Wałęsa
The Polish legislature dissolved the trade union Solidarity, which subsequently became an underground organization and played a key role in ending communist rule in Poland, with its various leaders, notably Lech Wałęsa, later holding important government posts.
Copyright Wesolowski/Sygma
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Gilbert Uzan/Gamma Liaison
Clement Attlee
British politician Clement Attlee—who, while serving as prime minister of the United Kingdom (1945–51), presided over the establishment of a welfare state in his country and the granting of independence to India—died at age 84.
© Karsh—Rapho/Photo Researchers
Che Guevara
A prominent communist figure in the Cuban Revolution and a South American guerrilla leader, Che Guevara was captured and later shot to death by a Bolivian army.
Lee Lockwood/Black Star
United Kingdom
An accident at the Windscale nuclear facility in northwestern England caused a fire that burned for 16 hours and left 10 tons of radioactive fuel melted in the reactor core.
Alvin York
Corporal Alvin York single-handedly captured 132 Germans and killed another 25 during the Meuse-Argonne offensive of World War I.
Juan Perón
Argentine politician Juan Perón, who served as president of Argentina (1946–52, 1952–55, and 1973–74) and founded and led the Peronist movement, was born.
Courtesy of the OAS (Columbus Memorial Library)
Peshtigo Fire Museum
The city of Peshtigo, Wisconsin, burned to the ground in hours, killing 1,152 people.
second Opium War battle
In Canton (Guangzhou), Chinese officials boarded a British-registered ship, the Arrow, arrested several Chinese crew members (who were later released), and allegedly lowered the British flag; the event contributed to the start of the second Opium War, in which Britain and France battled China.
Public Domain
Klemens von Metternich
Klemens von Metternich was named foreign minister of Austria; he revived the country's standing in European affairs, and his organization of the Congress of Vienna maintained a balance of power in Europe.
Courtesy of the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen, Dresden, Ger.