Today in History

October 13th Amid great fanfare, Chilean workers are rescued 69 days after their mine collapsed

Judge Edith S. Sampson

Edith Spurlock Sampson was born October 13, 1901, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania as one of eight children. Sampson’s humble beginnings highlight her significant accomplishments in life. Because of the financial needs of the family, Sampson left school at age 14 and worked at a market cleaning fish. She was able later to continue her education and graduate from high school. She went on to attend and receive a social work degree from the New York School of Social Work which was followed in 1925 by a Bachelor of Law Degree from John Marshall Law School in Chicago. She became the first woman to receive a Master of Law Degree from Loyola University in 1927.


Edith S. Sampson
Edith S. Sampson

President Truman appointed Edith S. Sampson as the alternate U.S, delegate to the United Nations on August 24, 1950, thereby making her the first African American representative in United Nations from the United States. While in the United Nations Sampson was a member of the Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural Committee. She served in the United Nations until 1953, was on the U.S. Commission for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) during President Eisenhower’s Administration, and was the first African American U.S. representative to NATO in 1961.



Eleanor Roosevelt and Edith Sampson at United Nations in New York - NARA - 196115
Eleanor Roosevelt and Edith Sampson at United Nations in New York

When her careers with the United Nations and NATO ended, Sampson in 1962 became the first African American elected female judge in Illinois after winning her campaign to be an associate judge to the Municipal Court of Chicago.  Judge Sampson died in Chicago, Illinois on October 8, 1979, at age 77.

White House
Cornerstone laid for the White House
The cornerstone for the White House, the official office and home of every U.S. president and first lady since 1800 (when John and Abigail Adams moved in near the end of his term), was laid this day in 1792.

More Events On This Day

Chile mine rescue of 2010
Amid great fanfare, Chilean workers are rescued 69 days after their mine collapsed in the Atacama Desert, Chile.
Shroud of Turin
The archbishop of Turin, Italy, announced that carbon-14 dating indicated that the Shroud of Turin dates only to the Middle Ages, though the origins of the shroud remain controversial.
© Diego Barbieri/
Hosni Mubarak
One week after the assassination of Anwar Sadat, voters in Egypt approved Hosni Mubarak as the country's new president.
Office of the Presidents of the Italian Republic
Uruguayan Air Force flight 571
flight chartered by an Uruguayan rugby team crashed in the Andes Mountains of Argentina, and the wreckage was not located for more than two months; the incident garnered international attention, especially after it was revealed that the survivors had resorted to cannibalism.
CSU Archives/Everett Collection/age fotostock
scene from All About Eve
The film classic All About Eve, starring Bette Davis and Anne Baxter, premiered in both Paris and New York City; known for its acid wit, it won six Academy Awards, including best picture.
Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation/The Museum of Modern Art Film Stills Archive, New York City
After being approved by French voters in a referendum, the constitution of the Fourth Republic is adopted in France.
World War II: Ortona, Italy
Italy declared war on Nazi Germany.
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
baseball and bat
The Boston Americans (later Boston Red Sox) defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates to win the first modern World Series.
© Marilyn Gould/
default image
B'nai B'rith, the oldest and largest Jewish service organization in the world, was founded in New York City.

Umojami Native

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